In 1920, doctors in the United States of America began to notice the positive relationship between high blood sugar and epileptic seizures in children with the disease; The higher the sugar level, the higher the incidence of epileptic seizures. Therefore, doctors have resorted to developing a new diet called the “Keto-Diet” or the ketogenic diet, which mainly depends on nutritional foods that contain fat and protein, and to refrain from or reduce all foods that contain sugars or carbohydrates; This is because the human body’s digestive system converts carbohydrates into sugar in order to derive energy from it.
The most important notice was on children with epilepsy who started applying this system; It is their rapid loss of weight in a very short time, and scientists explained this, that the human body primarily depends on sugar and fats as biofuels to run its vital processes, and it relies more on sugar because it is rapidly destroyed and broken down, to the point that when the blood sugar level rises, it may The body does not burn any fats altogether, and when a person reduces his consumption of sugar and carbohydrates or stops consuming them altogether, the digestive system turns to relying on fats only to be his vital fuel; This turns into a fast fat burning machine, helping anyone who practices the ketogenic diet lose 10-20 kilograms of fat in one month.
Because the ketogenic diet is so effective, It has become the diet of choice for many celebrities who use it in the long term, such as: the famous American basketball player LeBron James, actress and model Kim Kardashian and Megan Fox, and the ketogenic diet is also known as the preferred diet for members of the “Silicon Valley” community, to apply it from Before many famous people in the world of technology, even many technological companies recommend this system to their workers because it does not only help in losing weight; It increases energy and focus.
How do you apply the ketogenic diet?
How do you apply the ketogenic diet?
The success of the system depends on the human body reaching the state of “ketosis”, which is the state in which the body relies on fat as a main source of biofuel instead of sugar. Therefore, specialists suggest that the fat is 70% of the nutritional value it receives daily, and 20-25% Of protein, while the proportion of carbohydrates does not exceed 5-10% per day, that is, about 5-10 grams of carbohydrates per meal, and in the next lines we will provide a simple guide for the types of foods and nutritional components that you can eat and that a practitioner of the ketogenic diet should avoid.
First: What can you eat?
What can you eat?
We also mentioned that the system depends on food items and foods that contain high levels of fat, and these foods include: dairy products such as cheese, yogurt and butter except for milk that contains a high percentage of carbohydrates, boiled eggs, scrambled and fried in butter, and all kinds of fish, seafood and meat. Red and white, such as beef, goat, lamb, chicken and turkey meat, with the exception of processed meat that was preserved by salting or smoking or by adding chemical preservatives, such as: bacon, sausage, sausage, mortadella, salami and burgers, and we can summarize all of this that the ketogenic diet allows meat Stomach at home only.
Eating all the foods that we mentioned in the previous paragraph will not make you feel sufficiently full at every meal and will not give you the nutritional value that the body needs, such as vitamins; Therefore, you need to eat vegetables, and the vegetables allowed in the ketogenic diet are all the vegetables that grow above the ground, especially those that are green, such as: cabbage, cucumber, broccoli and zucchini, in addition to eggplant that you can eat grilled or fried with olive oil in your lunch or dinner. It gives you a feeling of satiety.
As for daily drinks, it mainly includes consuming a fair amount of water, at a rate of at least two or three liters per day, and brown and green coffee, as well as green and brown tea, can be drunk without adding sugar, and if the practitioner of this diet is a consumer of alcoholic drinks; He should not drink from these drinks only wine, at the rate of only one or two glasses a day.
Second: What should you stay away from during the system?
What should you stay away from?
All foods that contain a high percentage of carbohydrates, such as: rice, pasta, bread and baked goods of all kinds, and legumes such as: beans, beans, peas, chickpeas, lentils, lupine and peas, and some grains such as wheat and corn, most of the vegetables that grow underground such as: potatoes, carrots, potatoes, onions and garlic. During the diet period, you should completely stay away from foods and drinks that contain sugar as an essential ingredient in them, such as: chocolate, sweets, juices and soft drinks, even those that are said to be “diet” or “light” because without sugar they will not be a soft drink.
This is in addition to fruits, and some may be surprised by the presence of fruits on the list of prohibitions, because fruits contain a large amount of carbohydrates, one apple contains 20 grams of carbohydrates, which is the percentage that you should not exceed consumption in one day while you follow the ketogenic diet You should also stay away from juices, even juices that do not contain sugar.
What are the benefits and harms of the ketogenic system?
The benefits and harms of the ketogenic system:
In addition to losing weight, the ketogenic diet helps to increase physical activity and physical energy and helps a person focus more, as well as controlling appetite, protecting the abdomen from stomach and intestinal cramps, maintaining blood sugar and keeping blood pressure stable.
But when you start applying this regimen as a result of a change in the diet, there is a possibility that you will feel some side effects, and these symptoms include: slight dizziness, headache, constipation, lethargy, and nervousness, but these symptoms disappear after the first two days of applying the ketogenic diet. In some cases, doctors monitored practitioners of the system; There are stones inside the kidney, and therefore doctors recommend drinking two cups of water squeezed with a lemon once in the morning before breakfast and once in the evening, and it should be noted that this system is not suitable for people with type 1 diabetes, pregnant women and people with high blood pressure.